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Geography

At Hayes Primary School, we aimed to develop children who have a deep, meaningful understanding of the world around them. Through the children's geography learning, they should develop transferable skills that will equip them for each stage of their education and later life.

Click below to find out to find out about our children's geography learning.

Year 1 

Autumn

In the autumn term, the children consider the location and geography of the school site. They draw maps of the buildings and grounds and explore how they have changed over time.


Spring

In the spring term, the children learn about a range of great explorers and their discoveries. They find out where those explorers travelled and what they discovered. As the children learn about each explorer they find out the names of the continents and oceans the explorer has visited or travelled through.


Summer

In the summer term, the children build on the pervious topics as they learn to name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans, name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas and identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles. The children use simple field work and observational skills to study the geography of our school and its grounds and identify the key human and physical features of the surrounding environment and local area.

Year 2
 

Autumn

In the autumn term, the children develop their understanding of geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of London and then comparing it to that of New York. They use  world maps and atlases to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as other countries, continents and oceans. They learn about simple compass directions (North, South, East, West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map. They begin to devise simple maps considering how a key aids the interpretation of a map.


Spring

In the spring term, the children look at London in more detail as they learn about the Great Fire of London. They look at how London has expanded since 1666 and think about what our local area of Hayes would have been like at the time compared to now.


Summer

In the summer term, the children learn about the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements, in particular, nurses. As the children learn about each nurse, they consider the part of the world that they had an impact on. They use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key physical and human features of each area.

Year 3
 

Autumn

In the autumn term, the children learn about changes in the United Kingdom during the stone age. They use maps and atlases to locate areas within the United Kingdom and describe human and physical features of these areas.


Spring

In the spring term, the children learn about 3 national parks around the world: the Lake District in the UK, Saxon Switzerland in Germany and Lauca National Park in Chile. Through this topic, the children learn to locate the world’s countries and begin to understand geographical similarities and differences of human and physical geography in their studied regions.


Summer

In the summer term, year 3 learn about the spread of the Roman Empire and the area that was occupied by them. They consider what life would have been like for Romans in the UK and how that differed due to geographical reasons to life in other areas of the Roman Empire.

Year 4 

Autumn

In the autumn term, the children will be learning about Brazil. Through this topic, they will develop their understanding of the location of the world’s countries, continents and oceans. They will compare geographical similarities and differences in physical and human features across both regions. They will learn about rain forests in Brazil and compare those to the forests we have in the UK and compare cities in both countries.


Spring

In the spring term, year 4 learn about the time period between the end of the Roman occupation of England and the establishment of the Anglo-Saxons. They use maps and atlases, to explore the locations of the nations that invaded England when the Romans left and examine the human and physical features that led those people to seek out new lands.


Summer

In the summer term, the children learn about the Shang Dynasty of Ancient China. They expand their knowledge of the countries of the world as they examine modern China and compare it to the area of modern China that was occupied by the Shang Dynasty.

Year 5
 

Autumn

In the autumn term, the children examine maps as they learn about the Viking invasions of England. They explore physical features of the Viking's homeland and compare it to that of England. They then go on to think about the Norman Conquest and where the Normans came from.


Spring

In the spring term, the children learn about the Ancient Greece. They expand their knowledge of the countries of the world as they examine modern Greece and compare it to the area of modern Greece that was occupied by the Athenians and the Spartans.


Summer

In the summer term, the children learn about the Victorian era and expand their understanding of our local area as they link the Victorians to Crystal Palace. They use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps etc. and they learn how to use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key to build their knowledge of the local area, UK and wider world.

Year 6
 

Autumn

In the first part of the autumn term, the children learn about WW1. They will develop their knowledge of the countries of the world as they use maps to locate significant places and their involvement in the conflict.

In the second part of the autumn term, the children learn about the Benin civilisation. They examine the human and physical features of Africa and make comparisons between Africa and the UK.


Spring

In the spring term, the children compare parts of Europe with the Americas. This builds on and extends their knowledge about the location the world’s countries, and they use maps to identify key human and physical features. They explore the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones and how that impact on the two continents.


Summer

In the summer term, the children learn about famous art style from around the world, particularly Hotan Art from Japan. They explore the location from which this art originated using maps and atlases.