Skip to content ↓

History

At Hayes Primary School we aim to expose our children to a range of life experiences and expand their understanding of the world they live in. Our History curriculum is designed to develop a deep understanding of the rich history of the British Isles and some of the significant empires and time periods from around the world.

Click below to find out to find out about our children's history learning.

 Year 1

Autumn

The children start by exploring the idea of living memory and the events that can still be remembered by people alive today. We use the history of our school and the Royal Family as a context to explore social change and develop an understanding of the changes our country has gone through.


Spring

In the spring term, the children learn about some of the great explorers that have come before us, including Christopher Columbus and Neil Armstrong. This helps the children consider the impact that people can have on national and international understanding. They examine the different time periods of each explorer and make comparisons between then and now and how the actions of those people have impacted us today.


Summer

In the summer term, the children have an opportunity to apply the skills learnt through their historical learning as they develop their understanding of the area local to our school and questions the reasons for our world being the way it is today.

 Year 2

Autumn

In the autumn term, the children develop their historical questioning skills as they continue to explore our local area and make comparisons with similar places in America. The children will also explore significant individuals and their artistic contribution to our society.


Spring

In the spring term, the children learn about the great fire of London (1666) and the changes that occurred in London as a result. They will start by considering what life was like in London during the Stuart period (1603 – 1714), the impact that the fire had on life in London and how the actions the King at the time (Charles II) took to improve the living conditions for the residents of London. The children will then consider how this event has impacted on our lives today.


Summer

In the summer term, the children will learn about the impact of significant individuals on our national and global history and identity through the topic Nurturing Nurses. They will learn about the time period of nurses like Florence Nightingale, Mary Seacole and Edith Cavell and their contribution to society. They will be exploring evidence and thinking critically about how we develop our understanding of events that have happened.

 Year 3

Autumn

In the autumn term, the children will be learning about British history from the Stone Age to the Iron Age. The children will start to build their chronological understanding by considering changes in the UK starting over 10,000 years ago. They will start by exploring the life in the Neolithic period and what it would have been like for some of the first farmers. They then consider the construction and significance of Stonehenge before moving on to explore the changes between the different time periods: Stone Age to Bronze Age and Bronze Age to Iron Age. Throughout the topic, the children will be questioning how we know about those time periods and assessing the validity and reliability of evidence including artefacts.


Spring

In the spring term, the children develop their enquiry skills as they explore similarities and differences between the UK, parts of Europe and South America. The children will also explore significant individuals and their artistic contribution to our society.


Summer

In the summer term, the children will extend their learning about British history by studying the period of time when the Romans were present in Britain. The children will build on their chronological understanding of the transition from the Iron Age to the Roman occupation. They will consider the changes that occurred in the UK and explore the impact of the Romans on Britain and the new innovations that they brought with them. They will investigate Roman catapults and how they were used in battle as well as Roman culture, including religion. They will learn about Boudicca and the circumstances that led to the construction of Hadrian's wall. Throughout the topic, the children will be questioning how we know about those time periods and assessing the validity and reliability of evidence including artefacts.

 Year 4

Autumn

In the autumn term, children in year 4 develop their enquiry skills as they explore the features of cities and counties around the UK and the changes they have undergone through time. They then move on to make comparisons between cities in the UK and cities in South America.


Spring

In the spring term, the children will continue to add to their chronological understanding of the history of the British Isles. They will learn about the struggles of the native people left behind in Britain after the withdrawal of the Roman Empire and they will examine the reasons for the invasions that followed from neighbouring cultures leading to the creation of the period of the Anglo-Saxons. They will investigate the fights for control of Britain and how the Kingdoms of England eventually unite. They will then look at some of the Viking invasions and the impact they had on the culture of the time.


Summer

In the summer term, the children in year 4 will extend their historical knowledge of other cultures and countries as they explore an early civilisation from China - The Shang Dynasty. The children will use their investigative skills to examine the evidence left behind from this ancient civilisation and draw conclusions about what life would have been like for the people of the time. They will consider the religious beliefs, rituals and practices of people of this time, including the significance of the Dragon Bones. They will develop their understanding of the timeline of world civilisations and how The Shang Dynasty compares with the same time period in the British Isles.

 Year 5

 

Autumn

In the spring term, the children develop their enquiry skills as they explore similarities and differences between the UK, parts of Europe and South America. The children will also explore significant individuals and their artistic contribution to our society.


Spring

In the spring term, the children extend their knowledge of the historical civilisations of the world as they explore the lives of the Ancient Greeks and their impact on the western world. The children begin by looking at the location of modern Greece and the land occupied by the Ancient Greeks. They learn about the the birth of democracy and consider the lasting impact on our own way of life. Children examine a range of historical sources about the time and consider the reliability of sources linked with figures such as Alexandra the Great. They learn about the origins of the Olympics and the differences between the games we have now and then. The children develop their understanding of myths and legends and consider the purpose of these as they create their own.


Summer

In the summer term, year 5 learn about the Victorian era and the expansion of the British Empire and the development of the Common Wealth that we have today. This links to important developments in our local area, such as, the Great Exhibition and the Crystal Palace that was moved from Hyde Park. They look at the innovation of the time, consider the difference in the school system and learn about how food was sourced and made. 

 Year 6

Autumn

In the the first part of the autumn term, the children learn about the First World War to extend their chronological understanding. They examine a variety of sources to discover details about the events that led to the outbreak of war, what trench warfare was like, how life changed for people who were left at home and the circumstances that led to the war coming to an end.

In the second part of the autumn term, the children extend their historical knowledge of the world as they discover the Benin Civilisation of Africa. They look at what is known about life at the time, the culture, art and the role that the British played in the downfall of the Kingdom. The topic concludes with the children thinking about lessons that can be learnt from this situation and history in general.


Spring

In the spring term, the children develop their enquiry skills as they explore similarities and differences between the UK, parts of Europe and the Americas.


Summer

In the summer term, the children explore the influence of famous artists throughout history and focus on Notan Japanese Art. The children will consider art work of that style and think about providing thoughtful reasons for their likes and dislikes. They will then use their knowledge to create artwork of a similar style.